: Resources

Research Report: Supporting Assembly Rights in Africa

Although democratic and governance structures in Southern and East Africa unquestionably have transformed since the advent of multi-party democracy, true political inclusion remains an aspiration and not an achievement. This is evident from the increasing suppression by the State of civil and political rights such as the right to freedom of assembly and related rights to freedom of information and expression.

Moreover, more than ever we see in the region the importance of understanding the inter-sectional nature of rights violations, where those whose socio-economic rights are violated, also experience the violation of their civil and political rights. People who have no or limited access to socio-economic rights are usually denied their civil and political rights.
People living in poverty, for example, are usually arrested for protesting against the lack of water and sanitation; mineworkers, protesting economic ‘unfreedom’, are killed by police for ‘unlawful’ gatherings; students living in poverty are tear-gassed for demanding the right to education.

Access the detailed report here: https://hrdcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Report-on-Supporting-Assembly-Rights.pdf

GENDERED RISKS: Challenges WHRDs face in the course of their Work

A defender is characterized by the activity of promoting and protecting human rights. In answering the question ‘Why Focus on WHRDs, the report provides a starting point on the understanding of the challenges faced by WHRDs in Kenya in the course of their human rights work and the reasons why WHRDs in Kenya face these challenges in the course of their human rights work.
Women Human Rights Defenders, who put themselves on the front line in the promotion and protection of human rights, are subject to the same types of risks faced by their male HRDs, but as women, they are also targeted for or exposed to gender-specific violence and violations that have gendered consequences.
Violations that have gendered consequences refers to violations that are experienced by both male and female defenders, but may have different consequences for WHRDs because different social and cultural norms govern the gender identity, sexuality, and gender role of women in different
contexts. For instance, arbitrary arrest or detention of WHRDs adds an additional threat of sexual assault or violence when in custody.

Access the fact sheet for this report here: https://hrdcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Gendered-Risk_-Challenges-WHRDs-Face.pdf

Perception Survey on Communication Surveillance and Privacy of Human Rights Defenders in Kenya

The right to privacy is a fundamental right protected in law across the world including Kenya as
stipulated in the Bill of Rights in the 2010 Constitution. It is essential to the protection of human dignity
and serves as the foundation upon which many other rights are built. Privacy denotes “that area of
individual autonomy in which human beings strive to achieve self realization … alone or together
with others.”

Human rights work demands use of communication tools ranging from face-to-face, telephones
and e-mails and short message services (SMS). All these provide varied degrees of risk, which are
also specific to the work the HRDs are engaged in, as well as contexts. Numerous Kenyan HRDs have
raised concerns about their mobile phones being tapped and their communication intercepted.
These experiences have implications for HRDs and, therefore, it is essential to ensure that HRDs are
not the subject of unlawful surveillance practices and that they are able to do their work without
fear of snooping by anyone.

This report analyses the needs, concerns and areas of interest for HRDs in relation to privacy, data
protection and communications surveillance. It also establishes how surveillance impacts HRDs work
and their role as actors of change in society. Examining the risk levels based on these specifics as
well as finding the best-suited measures will be important for continued HRDs protection.

This survey set out to:
• Assess HRDs’ level of exposure, understanding, and perception of communication surveillance;
• Document HRDs’ current strategies for mitigating, perceived or actual communication

See the Fact Sheet of the Research here: https://wp.me/aagr4K-NA

To receive the entire report, Download it via:  info@hrdcoalition.org

Race against Extinction: The Plight of Sengwer Indigenous Women and HRDs in Embobut Forest

The Sengwer are a minority and marginalized hunter-gatherer indigenous community who occupy
present-day West Pokot, Trans-Nzoia, and Elgeyo Marakwet Counties. Over the years, the Kenyan
government, through the Kenya Forest Service (KFS) and other security agencies has made
attempts to evict the indigenous group from their land in Embobut forest under the guise of forest
conservation. These forceful evictions intensified in Embobut forest in December 2017. The Sengwer
homes were torched, crops and household items destroyed and their livestock disappeared. The
Sengwer community, particularly women, cried for help that hardly came.

These forceful evictions are human rights violations of the Sengwer as well as an infringement of
their rights to customary sustainable utilization of forest resources. In addition, the evictions deprive
the community the means of subsistence, integral to their identity, cultural survival, and forest life. It
is important to note that Article 63 of Kenya Constitution 2010 prescribes that an indigenous group
cannot be evicted from their ancestral territory without their Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC).

See the Fact Sheet of the Research here: https://wp.me/aagr4K-Nw

Download the full report here:Race Aginst Extinction Download

Midwifing the African Women Human Rights Defenders’ Platform

In July 2018, Urgent Action Fund Africa (UAF-Africa) brought together forty-five women human rights defenders (WHRDs) from across Africa and the diaspora to discuss the possibility of creating a platform that would facilitate more durable ways of supporting WHRDs and feminists working on the front line of social justice movements. National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders Kenya was represented by the Protection Officer, Salome Nduta who is also in charge of WHRDs program in the organisation.

The meeting drew together activists working across a range of issues from political governance, sexual and reproductive health rights, environmental and economic justice, arts activism, conflict and peacebuilding and Lesbian Bisexual Trans* Queer and Intersex (LBTQI) rights.

The overarching goal of the convening was to begin the process of defining a framework for a Holistic security, safety, wellbeing and collective care platform for African WHRDs that potentially provides litigation support, psychosocial support, training in individual and collective protection and security as well as network and engage in various lobbying and advocacy activities.

Read the Full report here: https://hrdcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/UAF-Africa-Abuja-Feminist-Republik-Abuja_Report-30.09.18.pdf



Based on key findings, some issues emerged in the report. First, majority of the Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) in Nairobi County have tertiary education, most are engaged in self- employment, and 80% are affiliated to organisation which are pro-human rights defenders and 69% do not have regular income.

Secondly, the work of human rights defenders is important to promote and protect human rights and the rule of law. This can be achieved through regular training on the rights of HRDs. The report identified that 85% of the human rights defenders need support on human rights and advocacy, support further training on human rights, support on
self-care, support on medical care and employment opportunities.

Finally, there is need for National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders-Kenya and other stake holders to organize regular human rights training workshops for HRDs. Training for human rights defenders should include training on professionalizing their work as well as on relevant security precautions.Training should involve capacity building that equip human rights defenders with practical knowledge and skills that can enable them acquire gainful employment besides being human rights defenders. Training on practical skills like report writing, data entry technique and analysis, investigative research are recommended.

Download the report here: https://wp.me/aagr4K-MF

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